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Child Care Centers

Women & Child Welfare

With the formation of Andhra Pradesh State in 1953 a separate department of Women's Welfare was constituted consequent on the formation of AP State in the year 1956, the programs of the department were extended to the entire state for the upliftment and advancement of Women and Children in all aspects. Over the year the Welfare measures for women and children extended their range and currently encompass improvement of health status, academic status and economic status of the beneficiaries.

The multifarious activities of the department can be broadly classified into two categories Management of Departmental Institution for the welfare of destitute women and children and the implementation of ICDS program including those aided by the World Bank.

There are 4 state homes, 5 service homes, 2 home for the aged, 20 working women's hostels, 18 women welfare branches, I women technical training institute, I rescue home 81 Children homes 2 Sishuvihars are functioning in the state to take care of destitute and abandoned women and children (a detailed note and us of application forms already sent).

ICDS Schemes

Integrated Child Development Services Scheme was launched during 1975 in Andhra Pradesh with two ICDS projects at Utnoor and Kambadur on an experimental basis.At present there are 251 ICDS projects that are functioning in A.P.State.There are 201 ICDS projects in rural, 29 in Tribal and 21 in Urban areas, one Urban ICDS project under RASS, Tirupathi (Voluntary Organization). The scheme is implemented under 100% assistance of Government of India i.e., Centrally Sponsored scheme. There are 346877 Anganwadi Centers functioning in the 251 ICDS Projects.

Total Anganwadi Centers In The State

ICDS PROJECTS No. of anganwadi centers
179 ICDS Projects (rural & urban) 25572
29 Tribal ICDS Projects 3933
42 WB ICDS Projects 7262
RASS Tirupati 110
Total 251 Projects 36877

Women 5,90,032
Children (0-6 years) 25,67,636

The following basic services are being rendered for the children:

  • Supplementary Nutrition
  • Health Check-up
  • Referral Services
  • Pre-school
  • Education
  • Health and Nutrition Education of Mothers
  • Immunization

Among the 251 ICDS projects, 150 projects are functioning with World Bank Assistance besides the services mentioned above.

In addition to children below six years of age, ICDS also takes care of the essential needs of pregnant women and nursing mothers residing in socially and economically backward villages and urban slums.

Adolescent Girls Scheme

Adolescence (the period between 11-17 years) represents a period of active growth and development.

A life cycle approach, to develop Adolescent girls into self assured, healthy individuals by strengthening the skills of women and improving the health and literacy status to enable them to shoulder their future responsibilities as women and mothers. Secondly in order to break the vicious circle of nutritional anemia and its effects on the health and well being of the women in future.

6,93,900 girls were provided with IFA supplementation in 150 World Bank ICDS projects.

Early Childhood Education

The main objective of this program is to provide opportunities to explore, investigate and acquire the ability of expression through verbalization as per the needs of the growing child. The activity aims to provide learning environment to every child. 6,441 Anganwadi Centres were upgraded as ECE centres. 23,929 ECE kits consists of activity cards manual and calendar were supplied to the Anganwadi centres. 3000 out door play material kits were supplied to the Anganwadi centres and 23,130 Pre-school kits i.e. indoor play materials were procured.

Information, Education And Communication (IEC)

IEC aims at bringing about positive behavioral changes in attitudes and practices to realise the project goals and objectives of improving the child nutrition and reducing childhood mortality and effective community participation programme.

Model Anganwadi center: The Main concept of Model Anganwadi centre is, it is a centre for information to all the women in the village and it is a centre of attraction of all the activities of the women and children to know all-round development of women and children at a glance. 5000 existing Anganwadi centres developed as Model Anganwadi centres.

In monitoring and Information system established computer lab, Local Area Networking, Wide Area Networking, Geographical information system and Web development are under progress. Review meetings Video conferences were arranged to watch the progress. Action plans, Project Implementation were prepared for effective implementation of activities. Nutrition survivalance system is to know the Nutritional status of women and children.

Midline Survey, Social assessment, Operational Research will be conducted from this month to highlight the developments and to improve the backlogs of activities.

Innovative Schemes

Nutrition Rehabilitation centre
Establishment of Day care centres

15% of the General funds have been earmarked to attend the welfare needs of children and women.

Under this scheme, the following programmes have been implemented through Zilla Parishad.

  • Construction of Mahila Mandali Buildings
  • Sewing machines supplied on 50% subsidy to eligible women
  • Maintenance of 1 CDs building
  • Maintenance of 1 Children’s Home
  • Financial assistance extended to the women below poverty line income group for economic support schemes to raise their income levels
  • Women awareness camps

Kishora Balika Pathakam

The scheme "Kishora Balika Pathakam" is to engineer the change in social attitudes, self-esteem and ensure capabilities and 100% enrollment in elementary education especially for girls and to discourage early marriage. Under the scheme it is proposed to train the adolescent girls in bridge course, skill training programs, exposure visit and workshops.

The scheme is implemented in 13 districts, 80 blocks with a budget of Rs.129.75 lakhs. Under this scheme 0.64 lakh Adolescent girls will be empowered every year.

Balika Samriddhi Yojana

Balika Samriddhi Yojana is introduced in 1997. It is a part of the long-term strategy to change social attitudes and behavioral practices towards the girl child. Financial assistance is extended to the families living below the poverty line as a post delievery grant to the mother with the objective towards the mother to provide additional nutrition.

So far Rs.277.36 lakhs were released to 23 districts for the benefit of 55,473 mothers.

Girl Child Protection Scheme

Girl child protection scheme introduced in the year 1996-97 to promote adoption of the small family norms and also to benefit the girl children in poor families by promoting family planning, discouraging the tendency to prefer male children and promoting welfare of girl children through meaningful program called GCPS. And also to encourage enrollment of girls in schools, to reduce school dropouts, to motivate girls to get married only after 18 years of the age and to encourage the parents.

A sum of Rs.6000/- on average for each girl child will be deposited in a public A/C by the government with an interest of 12% p.a. to be maintained in the name of the beneficiary girl child. The amount will be given to the family at periodical intervals for the girl child to complete primary/high school/intermediate education. When the girl completes the age of 20 years, a lump sum amount of Rs.20,000/- will be provided to enable her to establish her family or to her higher studies.

Till date an amount of Rs.83.78 crores deposited for benefiting 1635680 girl children in the state from 1996-2001.