Women & Child Welfare
With the formation of Andhra Pradesh State in
1953 a separate department of Women's Welfare was constituted consequent on the
formation of AP State in the year 1956, the programs of the department were
extended to the entire state for the upliftment and advancement of Women and
Children in all aspects. Over the year the Welfare measures for women and
children extended their range and currently encompass improvement of health
status, academic status and economic status of the beneficiaries.
The multifarious activities of the department can be broadly
classified into two categories Management of Departmental Institution for the
welfare of destitute women and children and the implementation of ICDS program
including those aided by the World Bank.
There are 4 state homes, 5 service homes, 2 home for the aged,
20 working women's hostels, 18 women welfare branches, I women technical
training institute, I rescue home 81 Children homes 2 Sishuvihars are
functioning in the state to take care of destitute and abandoned women and
children (a detailed note and us of application forms already sent).
Integrated Child Development Services Scheme was launched during
1975 in Andhra Pradesh with two ICDS projects at Utnoor and Kambadur on an
experimental basis.At present there are 251 ICDS projects that are functioning
in A.P.State.There are 201 ICDS projects in rural, 29 in Tribal and 21 in Urban
areas, one Urban ICDS project under RASS, Tirupathi (Voluntary Organization).
The scheme is implemented under 100% assistance of Government of India i.e.,
Centrally Sponsored scheme. There are 346877 Anganwadi Centers functioning in
the 251 ICDS Projects.
Total Anganwadi Centers In The State
||No. of anganwadi centers
|179 ICDS Projects (rural & urban)
|29 Tribal ICDS Projects
|42 WB ICDS Projects
|Total 251 Projects
Children (0-6 years) 25,67,636
The following basic services are being rendered for the children:
Health and Nutrition Education of Mothers
Among the 251 ICDS projects, 150 projects are functioning with
World Bank Assistance besides the services mentioned above.
In addition to children below six years of age, ICDS also takes
care of the essential needs of pregnant women and nursing mothers residing in
socially and economically backward villages and urban slums.
Adolescent Girls Scheme
Adolescence (the period between 11-17 years) represents a period
of active growth and development.
A life cycle approach, to develop Adolescent girls into self
assured, healthy individuals by strengthening the skills of women and improving
the health and literacy status to enable them to shoulder their future
responsibilities as women and mothers. Secondly in order to break the vicious
circle of nutritional anemia and its effects on the health and well being of
the women in future.
6,93,900 girls were provided with IFA supplementation in 150
World Bank ICDS projects.
Early Childhood Education
The main objective of this program is to provide opportunities
to explore, investigate and acquire the ability of expression through
verbalization as per the needs of the growing child. The activity aims to
provide learning environment to every child. 6,441 Anganwadi Centres were
upgraded as ECE centres. 23,929 ECE kits consists of activity cards manual and
calendar were supplied to the Anganwadi centres. 3000 out door play material
kits were supplied to the Anganwadi centres and 23,130 Pre-school kits i.e.
indoor play materials were procured.
Information, Education And Communication (IEC)
IEC aims at bringing about positive behavioral changes in
attitudes and practices to realise the project goals and objectives of
improving the child nutrition and reducing childhood mortality and effective
community participation programme.
Model Anganwadi center: The Main concept of Model Anganwadi
centre is, it is a centre for information to all the women in the village and
it is a centre of attraction of all the activities of the women and children to
know all-round development of women and children at a glance. 5000 existing
Anganwadi centres developed as Model Anganwadi centres.
In monitoring and Information system established computer lab,
Local Area Networking, Wide Area Networking, Geographical information system
and Web development are under progress. Review meetings Video conferences were
arranged to watch the progress. Action plans, Project Implementation were
prepared for effective implementation of activities. Nutrition survivalance
system is to know the Nutritional status of women and children.
Midline Survey, Social assessment, Operational Research will be
conducted from this month to highlight the developments and to improve the
backlogs of activities.
Nutrition Rehabilitation centre
Establishment of Day care centres
15% of the General funds have been earmarked to attend the welfare needs of
children and women.
Under this scheme, the following programmes have been
implemented through Zilla Parishad.
Construction of Mahila Mandali Buildings
Sewing machines supplied on 50% subsidy to eligible women
Maintenance of 1 CDs building
Maintenance of 1 Children’s Home
Financial assistance extended to the women below poverty line income group for
economic support schemes to raise their income levels
Women awareness camps
Kishora Balika Pathakam
The scheme "Kishora Balika Pathakam" is to engineer the change
in social attitudes, self-esteem and ensure capabilities and 100% enrollment in
elementary education especially for girls and to discourage early marriage.
Under the scheme it is proposed to train the adolescent girls in bridge course,
skill training programs, exposure visit and workshops.
The scheme is implemented in 13 districts, 80 blocks with a
budget of Rs.129.75 lakhs. Under this scheme 0.64 lakh Adolescent girls will be
empowered every year.
Balika Samriddhi Yojana
Balika Samriddhi Yojana is introduced in 1997. It is a part of
the long-term strategy to change social attitudes and behavioral practices
towards the girl child. Financial assistance is extended to the families living
below the poverty line as a post delievery grant to the mother with the
objective towards the mother to provide additional nutrition.
So far Rs.277.36 lakhs were released to 23 districts for the
benefit of 55,473 mothers.
Girl Child Protection Scheme
Girl child protection scheme introduced in the year 1996-97 to
promote adoption of the small family norms and also to benefit the girl
children in poor families by promoting family planning, discouraging the
tendency to prefer male children and promoting welfare of girl children through
meaningful program called GCPS. And also to encourage enrollment of girls in
schools, to reduce school dropouts, to motivate girls to get married only after
18 years of the age and to encourage the parents.
A sum of Rs.6000/- on average for each girl child will be
deposited in a public A/C by the government with an interest of 12% p.a. to be
maintained in the name of the beneficiary girl child. The amount will be given
to the family at periodical intervals for the girl child to complete
primary/high school/intermediate education. When the girl completes the age of
20 years, a lump sum amount of Rs.20,000/- will be provided to enable her to
establish her family or to her higher studies.
Till date an amount of Rs.83.78 crores deposited for benefiting
1635680 girl children in the state from 1996-2001.