The State of Andhra Pradesh has come into existence in 1956 as a result of reorganization
of states. The First official language is Telugu and the Second official language is Urdu. There are 23 districts in
the state. According to the 2001 census the overall literacy rate is 61.11%. Dropout rate up to class –
VII is 51.29% and up to class – X is 63.66%. There are lakhs of neo-literates as a result of sustained
literacy campaign. They need to continue their education further. A.P. Open School serves the need of
providing access to education to all the dropouts and neo-literates. Andhra Pradesh Government has
vision of building a knowledge society. A.P. Open School Society is endeavoring to contribute to fulfill
A.P. Open School Society is an autonomous organization under Government of Andhra Pradesh to provide a
flexible type of non-formal education to the dropout children and to the neo-literates. The scheme is
functioning in all the 23 districts of Andhra Pradesh with the grant provided by the Government of
Andhra Pradesh. APOSS is offering courses in Telugu and Urdu mediums at Upper Primary level and in
Telugu medium at Secondary level.
The “ANDHRA PRADESH OPEN SCHOOL” was established as a Registered Society on 20.02.1991 under the Andhra
Pradesh (Telangana Region) Public Societies Registration Act, 1350 Fasli(Act I of 1350F).
The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh is the Chief Patron and the Hon’ble Education Minister of
Andhra Pradesh is the patron of the Andhra Pradesh Open School Society.
Authorities of the Open School at the State Level:
The Andhra Pradesh Open School has a General Body and an Executive Board at the State Level.
(A) The General Body
|1.||Chief Secretary, Government of Andhra Pradesh||Chairman|
|2.||Secretary to Government (School Education Department)||Vice–Chairman|
|3.||Director, A.P. Open School Society||Member/Secretary|
|4.||Secretary to Government, Finance Department or his nominee (not below the
rank of Joint Secretary)||Member|
|5.||Nominee of the NIOS, Delhi||Member|
|6.||Two Nominees one each from Doordarshan & All India Radio|
|7.||Three eminent Social Workers / three eminent members of the voluntary
agencies like LIONS, ROTARY, RAMAKRISHNA MISSION etc., to be
nominated by the chairman.|
|8.||All Chairmen the members of the Executive Board, not included above.|
Note: The annual meeting of the General Body shall be held on such date and at
such time as may be decided by the Chairman. One third, of the members
present in person shall form a quorum at every meeting of the open school.
(B) The Executive Board:
|1.||Chairman of the Society, (Chief Secretary)||Chairman|
|2.||Vice Chairman of the Andhra Pradesh Open School, (the Secretary Education in charge of Secondary Education)||Vice–Chairman|
|4.||Director of School Education||Member|
|5.||Director of Adult Education||Member|
|6.||Vice-Chancellor, Andhra Pradesh Open University||Member|
|7.||Vice-Chancellor, A.P. Mahila University.||Member|
|10.||Director, Child & Women Welfare||Member|
|11.||Director of Youth Services & Yuvashakti||Member|
|12.||Project Director, AP Primary School Project||Member|
|13.||Director, Technical Education & Training||Member|
|14.||Nominee of the National Open School, New Delhi||Member|
|15.||Director, A.P. Open School||Member/Secretary|
Note: The Executive Board shall hold meetings, as required, but it shall meet at
least twice in a year . The quorum for the meeting shall be one third of the members present in person.
Organizational Structure at State level
Chief Secretary of A.P. is the ex-officio Chairman. The Secretary to Government; Education Department is
the ex-officio Vice Chairman. The Director, APOSS is convener of the State Executive Board. The Director
has to follow the resolutions of State Executive Board.
General Body meets once in a Year.
Executive Board shall have powers:
The Executive Board shall meet at least twice in a year
One third of the members present form the quorum
- To make bye-laws for administration and management of the affairs of the open school.
- For preparation and sanction of budget estimates.
- To frame service rules for proper administration of the open school and of its personnel.
- For the establishment and management of funds and grants.
Authorities of the Open School at the District Level:
The Andhra Pradesh Open School has a District Executive Board at the District Level.
(C) The District Executive Board:
|1.||Collector & Dist. Magistrate of the District||Chairman|
|2.||District Development Officer (ZPP)||Vice–Chairman|
|3.||District Educational Officer||Member|
|4.||Joint Director, Industries||Member|
|6.||District Women’s Welfare Officer||Member|
|7.||Assistant Project Coordinator, DPEP||Member|
|8.||Coordinator, Nehru Yuvak Kendra||Member|
|9.||Three eminent social workers/voluntary organizations like Lions Club, Rotary,
Rama Krishna Mission etc, to be mentioned by the District Collector.||Member|
|10.||Deputy Director, Adult Education||Member Secretary|
Note: The Executive Board at District level shall meet once in every quarter
preferably in the months of June, October and March of every year.
Organizational Structure at District level
The following shall be the substantive powers and functions of the Executive Board at the District
- Forward planning of policies at District Level.
- Programme of action at district level.
- Taking appropriate decisions.
- Ensuring effective implementation.
|Maintenance of accounts – receipts and expenditure.|
Funds to the A.P. Open School Society:
The income and property of the Society, shall be derived, in the manner of Grants from the
Government, donations from individuals or organizations and associations and such amount shall be
applied towards the promotion of the aims and objectives, set forth in the Memorandum of Association
of the Society, subject to the limitations and conditions imposed by the Government of Andhra
Pradesh from time to time, concerning the expenditure in the disposal of properties. No portion of
the income or property of the society shall be paid or transferred directly or indirectly, by way of
dividends, bonus or otherwise, how so ever, by way of profit, to the persons who, at any time, are
or have been members of the society or to any person claiming through them or any of them provided
that nothing herein contained shall prevent the payment in good faith of remuneration to any member
thereof or other persons in return for any service rendered to the Society.
The funds are channelised to the APOSS from the Government of Andhra Pradesh, through the
Director of School Education.
The budget estimates for each year of the office of the Director, APOSS shall be approved by
the Executive Board and General Body not later than 31st January of the preceding year.
The sanctioned estimates shall be divided into the following units of appropriation and such
other additional units as may be approved by the Chairman / Vice-Chairman for the Office of the
- Pay and Allowances of Staff
- Honorarium to the Field Functionaries
- Payment of Leave salary and pension contribution for the staff working on deputation
- T.A. & D.A to head quarters office
- T.A. & D.A. to Executive Board members, General Body members and experts.
- Telephone and telegram charges, office expenses, petrol and repairs to vehicle.
- Printing and Publication
- Contact Programmes
- Postage and Freight charges
- Production of Video films and Vocational Education.
- Examination, Evaluation and Publication of reports.
- Supervision and inspection
- Machinery and Equipment
- Electricity, Water charges, Rents and Taxes
The funds provided in the sanctioned estimates by release of Grants-in-Aid shall be at the
disposal of the Director, who shall have the power to appropriate sums there from to meet the
expenditure approved by the Board.
Objectives of the Scheme:
(a) Basic Aim:The basic aim is to provide an alternative system of education to the dropout
children, who have missed the benefits of formal schooling:
(b) Other objectives:
- To provide sound, relevant education at the school stage through open learning system, such
as distance education and correspondence course to prioritized groups.
- To provide opportunities to dropout children at the school stage, to rejoin the mainstream
of education and to equip them with the competencies and qualifications necessary to become
competent and successful citizens.
- To identify and promote standards of learning in the distance education system and open
school system will maintain standards of equivalence (minimum learning outcomes) with the formal
system of education while retaining its own distinct character.
It is thus envisaged that the attainment of these aims and objectives, will in turn, enable the open
school society to make its own share of contribution to:
- Universalization of Education
- The evolution of learning society
- Raise the competence of the Indian Citizen through internal transformation
Client group of APOSS consists of drop-outs of the formal system, products of Continued
Learning Centres / Post Literacy Centres of adult education programme, working men and women,
Un-employed & partly Employed Youth and any others who desire to continue their education up to
secondary level through open Learning System.
Features of Open School Society:
- Can pace one’s study, according to one’s available time.
- Can appear for the course at a time or in 2 to 3 years form the date of admission.
- Can accumulate pass credits over a period of 2 to 3 years and get certificate on meeting the certification criteria.
- Can avail of learning support form the cluster school located in the village.
Medium of Study:
- S2 / S3 courses are offered in both Telugu and Urdu media.
- Secondary (S4 / S5) courses are offered in Telugu medium only.
Working days and Hours:
- No rigid time schedule is prescribed. However, Sundays & two other days in a week or any
three days in a week convenient to the learners will be chosen for counseling classes.
- Daily attendance is not required for counselling sessions.
- Timings will be determined by the local conditions and needs of the learners.
- Payments to the Teacher Counsellors will be based on the number of learners appear for the examinations.
- Attendance is compulsory for personal contact programme.
The A.P. Open School Society supplies learning material specially prepared for the learners through
its intermediaries at District / Division / Mandal / Village level.
Functions of Study Centre / Cluster Centre:
- Admit learners to various courses according to the norms prescribed by the APOSS.
- Supply study material to the learners.
- Conduct Personal Contact Programme (PCP) followed by examinations.
- Facilitates learning by conducting counseling sessions
- Evaluates the response sheets provided at the end of each lesson for internal assessment
and submits the internal marks to the State head quarters through the District level implementing
- Receive remuneration / honorarium form the District level implementing Authority and
submit accounts to the APOSS, Hyderabad through proper channel for periodical auditing.
Subjects prescribed for various courses:
Telugu / Urdu, Arithmetic, Environmental studies
(Hindi and English are optional subject i.e., marks will not be counted for final results)
|The duration of S2 / S3 courses is 10 months, divided into 3 trimesters.|
Telugu, English, Mathematics, Physical Sciences,Biological Sciences & Social studies
(Hindi optional subject i.e., marks will not be counted for final results)
|The duration of S4 / S5 courses is 10 months, divided into 2 semesters|
Duties and Functions of the APOSS at Head Quarters:
- The Head Office of APOSS is located in the campus of SCERT.
- SCERT is the major academic resource unit for the APOSS at state level and DIETs provide academic inputs to the field functionaries at district level.
- Organizes General Body and Executive Board Meetings at State level.
- Organizes State level Orientation Programme to the Principals of DIETs, Deputy Directors of Adult Education Department, District Coordinators and DRU faculty of DIETs at the beginning of the academic year.
- Organizes Quarterly review meetings for the District Coordinators at state level to assess the progress and performance of Open Schools at district level trimester-wise.
- Organizes regional level Orientation Programmes for the benefit of the field staff of Secondary courses.
- Conducts workshops with the identified Editors and Writers of each subject for preparation of lessons in self instructional mode to the learners of APOSS.
- Printing and distribution of learning material to the learners free of cost.
- Prepares and supplies question papers to the districts for conduct of examinations at school level.
- Collects Nominal Rolls / T- Sheets form the districts for computerization, processing of results and issuance of course completion certificates to the successful learners.
|S. No ||Designation || No. of posts
|1 ||DIRECTOR ||1|
|2 ||ASSISTANT DIRECTOR ||1|
|3 ||ACCOUNTS OFFICER ||1|
|4 ||SUPERINTENDENT ||1|
|5 ||SENIOR ASSISTANTS ||2 (1 VACANT)|
|6 ||SENIOR STENOGRAPHER ||1|
|7 ||SENIOR AUDITOR ||1 (VACANT)|
|8 ||JUNIOR ASSISTANT ||1|
|9 ||TYPISTS ||2 |
(Vacant. But two Computer Operators are working against two Typists Posts).
|10 ||DRIVER ||1 (VACANT)|
|11 ||RONEO OPERATOR ||1 (VACANT)|
|12 ||ATTENDERS ||3 |
(3 Posts are vacant. Two daily wage workers are working against two attender posts)
|13 ||ACADEMIC STAFF |
TRAINED GRADUATE TEACHERS
|14 ||ART TEACHER ||1 (VACANT)|
Note: At State level there is a Three Tier system of organization namely
- Academic Wing(5 Regional Coordinators / Trained Graduate Teachers)
- Administrative wing(One Assistant Director with supporting staff )
- Accounts Wing(One Accounts Officer with supporting staff)
Courses offered at present and their equivalency with the formal Education:
|S. No ||Level || Stage
|| Equivalency to the formal system || No. of centers functioning
|1 ||Upper Primary (Telugu) ||Stage-II
|Class – VI |
Class – VII
|2 ||Upper Primary (Urdu) ||Stage-II
|Class – VI |
Class – VII
|3 ||Secondary (Telugu) ||Stage IV
|Class – VIII |
Class – IX
Student Support Services:
- A Network of study centres will be established at the beginning of the academic year by the District Administration.
- Teacher Counsellors are appointed at the study centres to facilitate learning.
- Modules are supplied to the learners free of cost.
- A trimester system and semester system is followed for upper primary and secondary courses respectively.
- At the end of each trimester or semester contact programmes are arranged at the cluster level.
- Experience and trained teachers of formal system guide the learners in their studies at the time of contact programme.
- An examination is conducted at the end of each trimester / semester.
- There is both internal and external evaluation
- Trimester / Semester wise marks and 20% / 10% internal assessment marks respectively together makes the final evaluation.
- Certificates are issued to the successful candidates at the end of the academic year.
- Eligible learners will be mainstreamed in the formal system to continue their education.
An amount of Rs. 500.00 lakhs has been released by the Government of Andhra Pradesh for implementation of the Scheme during the academic year 2008-09.