Andhra Pradesh has been a pioneer in starting residential educational
institutions from the year 1971 onwards for the children of the rural poor.
Separate residential schools have been established for Scheduled Castes by establishing
Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society
in 1983. The Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas established by the Government
of India, as part of the new education policy of 1986, are based on the
Andhra Pradesh model of Residential Schools.
To impart qualitative - general as well technical education to
the Scheduled Caste school going children.
The admission to these institutions except residential ITIs and
Polytechnics is in 6th class. Around 88, 063 students are studying
in these institutions and Teaching & Non Teaching staff strength is 5, 300.
The pattern of reservation for admission of students to these institutions is
|| [SCs] -
|| [STs] -
|| [HCs] -
|| [BCs] -
|Other Backward Classes
|| [OCs] -
Reservation is also provided for children withdrawn from hazardous
industries, bonded labour, jogins, Basavins, Scavengers, victims of atrocities,
orphans due to natural calamities, rape victims, death and grievous injured
to an extent of 15% without disturbing the above composition.
The Society office is the controlling office both for administrative & financial matters for these institutions.
Then State Govt. is providing cent percent grant-in-aid to the Society to meet the expenditure on I) Salaries of the staff both at Society and Institution level, ii) for diet charges, iii) other student amenities - like uniform, text books, note books, cots, bedding
material, shoes & socks etc. iv) infrastructure for the institutions and hostels attached.
The State Govt. is also providing grants for construction of the residential institutions. The Central Govt. is providing matching grant for construction of hostel buildings attached to the institutions in the ratio of 50:50.
The Organisation at Head Office and subordinate offices
The APSWREIS has 183 schools of which 113 are upgraded to Jr. colleges
including 6 independent Jr. colleges, 4 Residential Industrial Training Institutions,
3 Residential polytechnics, 5 BCA Colleges and 35 Long term Bridge Course Residential
Schools. The RITIs and Residential polytechnics, which were
Government Institutions, were transferred to the administrative control of the
Secretary in the year 1996 and 1997 respectively. The location of the Society
Head Office is at Hyderabad, whereas the institutions are located throughout
the state. The Society has no regional/district offices.
Staffing Pattern In Social Welfare Residential Institutions
||Category of Post
||Number of posts in each institution
|| Upgraded Institution
|| Junior Colleges
|| Non-upgraded Schools
|| Resident junior Lecturer
|| Senior Resident Teacher
|| Resident Teacher
|| Special Teachers PET, Art/Craft
|| Staff Nurse
|| Non-Teaching Staff
|| JACT/Sr. Asst/Record Asst.
|| Class IV
|| Electrician cum Plumber
||Class 6th to Senior Intermediate
||Class 6th to 10th Class.
The main services provided by the society are
- Free education through Residential pattern.
- Free boarding and lodging facilities for the students.
- Creating an environment conducive for quality education.
- Supply of textbooks, notebooks and stationery and essential
items of daily requirement.
- Provide Health and Medicare to students.
Construction of residential complexes
with hostels for these institutions and their maintenance.
- Promotion of computer education in
Innovative Measures at Residential Schools under different
- Long Term Bridge Course
Initiative to start Long Term Bridge Course Residential Schools for Girls
who attend the Back to School camps in six D. P. I. P. Districts i.
e. Anantapur, Chittoor, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Adilabad and Mahaboobnagar
at the rate of two schools in each district with a strength of 400 students
This initiative will prevent the problem of drop-outs, low literacy for
SC girls and problem of child labour. Bridge course coaching camps will be
run on residential pattern for fourteen months to prepare the students and
then admit them in Class VI in residential Schools as per the normal procedures.
- MUNDADUGU Programme
As per G. O. Ms. No. 70, Social Welfare(RS)Department, dated 10. 7. 99 seventeen
Long Term Bridge Course Residential Schools have been started
for SC adolescent girls at the rate of one in each of the districts except
the DPIP districts during the academic year 1999-2000 under "MUNDADUGU"
- EAMCET and I. I. T. Coaching
Long term coaching started in October, 1998 for 80 students (boys/girls)
of Inter 1st year and 80 (boys/girls) of Inter 2nd
year in EAMCET and I. I. T. with the assistance of Sri C. Ramaiah, Head of
the Premier I. I. T. Coaching Institute, Hyderabad. During the year 1999-2000,
12 Junior Colleges are exclusively set apart for EAMCET Long Term Coaching
at the rate of 2 colleges - one for Boys and one for Girls in each of
the six zones of the Society. Also for IIT Long term coaching, the school
at Shaikpet for boys and Narsingi for girls are set apart. The intake in these
two colleges in 80 for each institution. In these colleges there will not
be any direct admission but the students admitted in the Social Welfare Colleges
will be selected on merit through the screening test for IIT.
- Merit based selection of teachers
The Society is implementing a system of selecting teachers based purely on
merit as reflected in their educational qualifications and there is no subjectivity
and discretion in the matter of selection. The merit list is prepared by giving
weightages for various qualifications through a computer-based system and
accordingly selections are made.
- Contract teachers
The Society has dispensed with the system of issuing appointment orders to
the teachers. The selected teachers are given an offer to sign a contract
for a maximum period of one academic year. The performance of the teacher
is assessed at the end of the academic year and if the performance is found
satisfactory, an offer of renewal is given. Otherwise the renewal is denied.
Since 1996-97, a total of 1351 teachers have been appointed on contract
basis. During 2001-2002, 54 backlog vacancies have been filled up on contract
basis. A detailed contract agreement with guarantee bond is being implemented.
The selection is purely on merit cum roster system.
- Social Audit of Social Welfare Residential Schools
Keeping in view the policy of the Government to bring the Government institutions
under the purview of social audit, the APSWREI Society has prepared 11 panels
of retired eminent educationalists. The experts were invited by a paper notification.
Each panel consists of experts in different subjects relevant upto Intermediate
level. These outside panels have been entrusted with the complete scrutiny
of administration, financial management and academic activities in the Social
Welfare Residential Schools. The panel experts are given transport facilities
and a token remuneration by the Society. The feedback of these panel inspections,
aiming at bringing the institutions under social audit, has been very encouraging.
- Merit based selection of Principals
Even though direct recruitment to the post of Principals is only 30% and 70%
posts are filled up from the in-service candidates by way of promotion,
the promotion is not based on seniority. The candidates in the zone of consideration
in the ratio of 1:3 are called to appear before the Selection Committee for
interview and based on their past performance and the performance in the personality
test, the persons are selected even from among in-service candidates to
the post of Principal.
- Performance monitoring of teachers
Subject-wise results for the past five years have been computerised. The
performance of teachers is now being monitored on a monthly basis on parameters
like punctuality, regularity, coverage of syllabus, class room preparation
and performance of the students in various tests/examinations internally conducted.
Based on Performance parameters, the schools are regularly classified as under:
The norms for performance is given below:
X Class and Intermediate Commerce & Arts
||90% or more
||80% or more
||Between 70% and 90%
||Between 60% and 80%
||Between 50% and 70%
||Between 40% and 60% for Science Group
||Less than 50%
||Less than 40%
After this analysis, more concentrated
attention is given to C & D category schools. If the subject teachers
performance continues to be under C & D category even after warning, disciplinary
action is taken against the teacher.
- Accountability of teachers and Principals
Conduct rules have been amended to insert a following new rule relating to
performance and accountability:-
"Poor Results in Examination as an Instance of Professional Misconduct making
the Teacher Liable for Disciplinary Action Including Termination of Services".
The performance of the teachers in the public examination is being compared
with reference to the norms of satisfactory performance indicated above and
those teachers whose performance is not satisfactory are being given punishments
under the CCA rules. A system of incentives for good performance has also
been introduced. The best Principals and best Teachers, one from boys school
and one from girls school, are nominated to the Board of Governors for a period
of one year besides cash incentives.
- Upgradation of Schools
The society has adopted a novel pattern of integrating the school education
and intermediate education in the same institution. Thus by dropping 5th
class in the existing residential schools, intermediate classes have been
introduced with two subject groups in each school without any extra staff.
This has resulted in providing intermediate education to a large number of
students without any extra expense.
- Introduction of semester system
Semester system has been introduced in all non-public examination classes.
Initially this was introduced in 8th and 9th classes
and later introduced in 6th class also. It was also decided that
during the first semester in 6th class only bridge courses will
be taken up to strengthen the foundation and the 6th class text
books will be introduced in second semester. Further, it was decided to introduce
detention system in 8th class thereby giving one more chance to
the student coming from disadvantaged background to improve their performance.
This will help prevent failures at 10th class level.
- Catering, Sweeping & Sanitation contracts
The Society has decided not to make recruitment of Class IV employees
in future and to privatise the catering services in the first phase and sanitary
services in the second phase. So far, catering has been privatised in 110
institutions thereby 880 class IV vacant posts have been abolished. The catering
system is functioning well and there is an improvement in the quality of food
served. The Principals have been also relieved of a considerable work load
and they can concentrate more on the academic side. Scavenging contract has
been introduced in 58 schools by suppressing one sweeper post in the school.
This has saved 58 posts.
- Changes in health care system
The society schools are having a post of staff nurse. Experience has
shown that there has been very fast turn over of staff nurses. Moreover, many
unmarried staff nurses are not comfortable working in boys institutions
in remote areas. Keeping this in view, it was decided to recruit medical graduates
as Health Supervisors in the same pay-scale. There is very good response
from ayurvedic and homeopathic medical graduates. The emphasis is also being
given to propagate the use of ayurvedic and homeopathic medicines for health
- Computerisation in Office
The following areas have been computerised in the Society Head Office:-
- Monthly performance monitoring of
Principals and schools
- Periodical performance monitoring
of subject teachers
- Financial accounting including GPF
- Personnel database i. e. recruitment,
promotions, transfers and training etc. for teaching & non-teaching
- Monitoring of progress of building
works taken up in more than 100 campuses
- File monitoring
- Information regarding infrastructure
available in schools is depicted in GMIS i. e. Geographical management
- Career guidance for students
The Social Welfare Residential Schools cater to the needs of students coming
from weaker sections and rural areas. These students have little information
about various career options available. The Society schools are provided with
a qualified Librarian. These Librarians are trained to enable them to take-up
the role of career guidance counselors in the schools, in addition to their
duties as librarians.
- Solar lighting in class rooms
In sixty remotely located schools, where power cuts are frequent during the
examination season, solar lighting systems have been installed to fully light
up 5 class rooms in each of the schools. This enables the students, particularly
in 10th and 12 class, to study for their examinations. The facility
is proposed to be extended to other schools in a phased manner.
- Introducing e-mail communication & Computer Education in Res. Schools
The APSWREI Society has decided to start the project for computer literacy
for the class VIII, IX and XI [total 60 students] in the Social Welfare Residential
Schools located at the district headquarters or near district headquarters.
It was also decided that these schools will be linked with a communication
network with the Society Head Office at Hyderabad. The infrastructure provided
for the project of computer literacy would also server the purpose of
computer aided learning for all the classes in the schools.
For conducting computer literacy classes for the present batch of VIII, IX
with 20 students from each class, the syllabus was finalised in consultation
with the M/s. A P T S Ltd. , Hyderabad and M/s. C M C Ltd. , Hyderabad.
M/s. C M C Ltd. , Hyderabad has already provided 23 qualified computer instructors
to conduct the classes for covering this syllabus and Society will pay the
salaries for these instructors through M/s. C M C Ltd. , Hyderabad.
- Introduction of English Medium in APSWR Schools
The Society has introduced English medium in APSWR Schools and strengthening
teaching of English with the assistance of CIEFL, Hyderabad. The Society has
selected 46 institutions, one boys school & one girls
school in each of the 23 districts for starting English medium for Class
VI students by conducting the entrance test in English Medium. During the
notification also, while inviting the applications, it was mentioned clearly
that students who have studied in English medium schools may apply. In some
of the districts, sufficient number of students with English medium background
have not applied and therefore to fill up these vacancies, the district level
waiting list of students who appeared in the entrance test in Telugu and have
secured good marks were verified and the best of the students of this lot,
after counseling with their parents, were admitted to fill up at least one
section of English medium i. e. 40 students in each of these 46 institutions.
The Society has instructed the Principals of these institutions to conduct
a Bridge Course upto December, 1999 to give coaching to these children in
English medium for all subjects of Class VI by adopting the English medium
books of primary level.
Besides the above, the Society has formulated a project with the CIEFL to
strengthen the teaching of English language as a subject in Class VI in 9
schools of Hyderabad, Rangareddy and Medak Districts, which were as follows:
CIEFL will assist the Society in the following
- Training and orientation of total 35 teachers, i. e. 28 teachers teaching
English subject and 7 teachers who are teaching Social Studies in these 9
- The CIEFL will provide training material to the teacher.
- They will provide the learner enrichment material for the benefit of the
- They will regularly visit these institutions and make class room observations.
They will also devise suitable bench-marks to evaluate the improvement
in the performance of the teachers and the students.
Amenities Provided To Students In Residential Institutions
Following amenities are provided to the students in Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare Residential Schools:
- Free education through residential pattern by employing
the services of highly qualified teachers.
- Free boarding and lodging facility for the students. The
hostel accommodation is provided by the Government free of cost and diet charges
at Rs. 270/- p. m per student for 6th & 7th
class and Rs 330/- p. m. per student from 8th class to intermediate
and at Rs 370/- P. M for I. T. I and Rs. 525/- p. m per student for
polytechnic college students.
- The residential schools provide facilities
for extra curricular activities and co-curricular activities, besides
good laboratories, libraries and audiovisual equipment and other teaching
aids. All these go to create an environment conductive and quality education.
- The text books, note books and stationary required by the
students in different classes is supplied free of cost to all students. There
is no fee chargeable from any student and entire non recurring and recurring
expenditure is met by the Government for all students admitted in these institutions.
- Every student is provided with cots, suitable bedding material
utensils like plates and glasses etc.
- One trunk box is provided to every student.
- The items of essential daily requirement like tooth brush,
tooth, paste, soap, hair oil etc. , are paid for by the Government.
- 2 Pairs of school uniforms and 1 pair of PT dress along
with 1 pair of canvas shoes and one pair of socks are given to every student
- One qualified staff nurse is posted in every residential
school to look after health needs of the inmates and the required medicines
are provided dispensed with free of cost.
- Sanitary napkins are provided to girl students studying
in 8th class and above.