European Architecture in Andhra Pradesh
Designed by Lt. Samuel Russel, the British Residency of
Hyderabad was built in 1806 and is one of the best examples of European
architecture in India. Presently used as a Government college, it has a
Georgian facade and a vast campus comprising of several ancillary buildings of
considerable architectural and historical significance.
Some Asaf Jahi palaces of the early period, like the Chow
Mahalla were built in European style. The city also has several beautiful
churches built during the nineteenth century.
Secunderabad, which is part of Hyderabad originally developed
around a British Cantonment, set up in 1798. During the nineteenth century
Secunderabad, the Residency area around Sultanbazar-Koti, and the
Gunfoundry-Abids area had a strong presence of European population. Many large
bungalows and houses of the period still survive. One can also find a few Art
Nouveau or Jugendstil buildings built in the early nineteenth century.
European Architecture in other places of Andhra Pradesh
Bimlipatnam (Bheemunipatanam), 24 Km north of Visakhapatnam on
the eastern coast was a Dutch Settlement set up in the seventeenth century.
This small town has ruins of Dutch palaces, an ancient cemetery and an old
church and a town hall. Public buildings and churches in European style can be
found in many other towns such as Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Vizianagaram,
Machilipatnam and even Tirupati.